- Discuss two weak points in the views of Karl Marx, and explain what’s wrong with them.
- One of Karl Marx’s weak points in his views was how he believed that people only became worse off under capitalism instead of getting more stable. His view is wrong however, because a little later on, we see that the working classes had improvements in their lives under capitalism. Another weak point is in this Karl’s views. Karl thought that the amount of labor people put in to make a certain product would have a say in how much it sold for. Basically, what he is saying is that the labor determined the price. This is wrong on many different levels. Eventually people started to question his beliefs and what he knew to be true. He was not able to answer most of these questions due to the fact that he knew the people were right. Soon after, his theories were proven to be false.
2. What were Herbert Spencer’s views, as you encountered them in the reading for this week? Does he deserve to be called a “Social Darwinist”?
To call Herbert Spencer a “Social Darwinist” is saying the very least. Spencer was an early libertarian free market advocate therefore his image had been slewed to the masses by a man named Richard Hofstadter. This happened right before the publication of his work Social Darwinism in American Thought 1860-1915. Throughout the piece of work, Spencer was slandered and was made out to be an “promoter of letting the poor die of starvation in order to weed out the unfit”. Even though Spencer personally didn’t care for tax funded welfare programs, this rumor was far from who Spencer really was and it was also the complete opposite of everything he actually stood for. Herbert Spencer was known to be an outspoken advocate of voluntary charity while promoting morality with great emphasis.
- Would it be moral to grade exams, so that all students get C’s? If not, is it moral for the state to redistribute incomes?
I do not think it is moral. If a student studies for the exam all day and takes the test and gets all of the questions right, it would not be fair to give that student a C on the exam when they clearly deserve an A. On the other hand, if a student in the same class doesn’t study at all and misses over half of the questions, it also isn’t fair to give that student the same grade as the student who got all of the questions right. If the students knew that they would get the same score, no matter how many they got wrong, my guess would be that the majority of them would not even try on the exam if they knew they would get a C.
I do not think it is moral for the state to redistribute incomes because I don’t think it is fair to the tax payers. When people pay taxes, they pay for the education of the child or children, to help fix roads, and other things around the community. They do not pay taxes just to turn around and have the taxes go into the pockets of others. If people are paying taxes, I think it should be so that they can help fund things that the government alone cannot afford.
- Were the Revolutions of 1848 successful or unsuccessful? Discuss two examples.
When people talk about the Revolutions of 1848, they usually talk about how they were unsuccessful. The first example is when the serf-dome seized in Europe. The serf-dome was where the serfs, peasants, worked in groups on a plot of land. Their masters were the people who owned these plots of land. The peasants were often required to not only to work the fields, but also in his mines, forests, and have them maintain the roads. After this stopped, the serfs no longer had to make special payments to the state like they had to before the revolutions. The second example is that the phenomenon of nationalism was really emerging. Even though it was not successful in Germany, Italy, and other Hungarian states, did not mean it was a complete failure in all of Europe.
2. What happened in France during the Revolution of 1830?
In France, during the Revolution of 1830, there was a political battle between the Ultras and the Liberals. Once Charles X became king after the death Louis XVIII in 1824, elections in 1827 turned out to be mostly liberals and moderates. However, Charles ignored this and instead, chose officials only from the Ultras. In early 1830, the Chamber of Deputies returned the vote of no confidence in the government. This ensued elections to result in a major victory for the liberals.
- The lifestyle I want 20 years from now.
The lifestyle I want to have 20 years from now is a nice one. 20 years from now, I will be 35 years old. I hope to be married, have kids, and a good paying job by this time. There are a few things that are on my must have list and a few things that I would like to have but are not mandatory to me.
I would like to have a nice farm style house that sits on a minimum of 5 to 10 acres of land for horses and dogs and cats to run around on. I would like to get married in my early to mid 20’s and have kids shortly after. I want to live long enough to see grand children and, if I am lucky, great-grand children. I don’t want to live in the middle of nowhere but not in a neighborhood either. I want neighbors but not too close. I want my house to be big so that I have enough room for my family and any guests that come and visit us.
When I grow up, I want to be a physical therapist. I want to do this kind of work because I like working with people and I want to be able to make a difference in peoples’ lives. It also pays really good which is the kind of job I need if I am going to be able to afford my kind of life style. I want to have a working husband so that he can help make up the difference if I am not working for some reason. I love traveling so I would want to have enough money to travel and do things that most people don’t do.
My family loves traveling so I hope to find a man that can share that same love of traveling with me. I want to give my kids an experience that they will remember for the rest of their lives. It also gives you something to look forward to, if nothing else. I want to be able to show my kids the joys of traveling so that when they grow up, they can do it with their families.
This is where I see my self in 20 years. It sounds like a lot but I want to make my life for my family and I the very best it can be. Something I have learned is that you cannot rely on someone else to give you what you want in live. Most things in life that matter the most to you happen because you worked hard for it and you never gave up when things got hard. Remember this and you will get far in life!
- Why were the Sadducees and the apostles unable to find a way to reconcile their rival opinions?
The Sadducees and the apostles were unable to find a way to reconcile their rival opinions because their views were the complete opposite. The Sadducees were still following the Mosaic law and the apostles were following the laws that Jesus had laid out for man. In both of these religions, there is only one God and His laws are above all others and because this is true, the Sadducees were unwilling to follow Jesus’ teachings. What the Sadducees didn’t realize was that Jesus was God in the flesh. The Sadducees did not want to change their views or opinions, so they simply denied that the teachings of the apostles as a way to make them feel better about what they were doing.
- The Calvin Cycle is not part of the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis. Nevertheless, it is possible to argue that the Calvin Cycle is indirectly dependent on light. Explain how and why this is true.
The Calvin Cycle is not part of the light-dependent reactions of photosynthesis because most of the heavy energy and material requirements are provided by light reactions. The Calvin Cycle would not be able to work without the light-dependent reactions therefore, the Calvin Cycle is highly dependent on the light-dependent reactions. The Calvin Cycle needs the materials provided by the light-dependent reactions. Without those materials, the Calvin cycle wouldn’t exist because its a partnership and they need each other to succeed. The Calvin cycle can’t work without the light-dependent reactions and the light-dependent reactions can’t work without the Calvin cycle. It’s a two way street.
- According to Mark’s gospel, what was main issue dividing Jesus from the leaders of Israel?
The main issue dividing Jesus from the leaders of Israel was that the leaders thought Jesus’ teachings were ethical but not traditional. The reason the leaders thought this was because they were too focused on following the Mosaic Law. The Mosaic Law was made up of three parts, the Ten Commandments, the ordinances, and the worship system, which included the priesthood, the tabernacle, the offerings, and the festivals.
The purpose of the Mosaic Law was: (1) Reveal the holy character of the eternal God to the nation of Israel, which can be found in Leviticus 19:2 and Leviticus 20:7-8, (2) Set apart the nation of Israel as distinct from all the other nations, which can be found in Exodus 19:5, (3) Reveal the sinfulness of man, in Galatians 3:19, (4) Provide forgiveness through the sacrifice/offerings, which is found in Leviticus 1-7, (5) Provide a way of worship for the community of faith through the yearly feasts, in Leviticus 23 (6) Provide God’s direction for the physical and spiritual health of the nation, which is found in Exodus 21-23, Deuteronomy 6:4-19, and Psalms 119:97-104, and (7) Cause people, after Christ came, to understand that they couldn’t keep the Law but needed to accept Christ as their personal Savior, for He had fulfilled the Law in His life and paid the ultimate price for breaking it in His death, burial, and resurrection, which can be found in Galatians 3:24 and Romans 10:4.
They eventually decided to go as far as to add more laws to the original 7 because these 7, they felt were not enough to convince Jesus that he was wrong. Jesus taught that God’s Law came from the heart. The practices of the Pharisees (Mosaic Law) meant nothing if their hearts were black and evil. Today, Christians are not required to perform all the traditions that the Jews laid out in the Mosaic Law because they do not make us honorable. We can only be saved by confession of our sins. When our hearts are in the proper place, our actions will follow in the direction God intended them to go.